Lurçat, Jean

Jean Lurçat, born on July 1ᵉʳ, 1892 and died on January 6, 1966, is the author of a wide variety of works that marked the 20th century, including lithographs, tapestries, jewelry, ceramics...He is also recognized for his many illustrations of literary works. Read biography

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Born in Bruyères in 1892, Jean Lurçat studied science before turning to painting. He went to Paris in 1912 to study at the Beaux-Arts, then enlisted in the army in 1914. When he fell ill, he was forced to retire and return to his parents' home. He took advantage of his convalescence to paint, notably his first lithograph. He exhibited for the first time in Zurich in 1917, and after traveling throughout Europe, he settled in Paris in 1920, where he exhibited for the first time in 1922. Lurçat then participated in the creation of sets and costumes for various plays, such as the ballet The Public Gardeninspired by Counterfeit coins by André Gide. In 1923, he travels again, discovering Spain and North Africa. During the '30s, he enjoyed worldwide success, exhibiting in Paris, London, New York and Chicago. His works were featured at the "Selections" exhibition in New York, alongside those of Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Georges Braque and Raoul Dufy. He worked in collaboration with Tzara in 1941 and 1942. During the Occupation, he joined the Communist Resistance with Tristan Tzara and edited the magazine Freedom. Lurçat devoted a large part of his practice to tapestry, a technique that he profoundly renewed, and notably created theTribute to the dead of the Resistance and the Deportation for the Musée d'Art Moderne de Paris in 1954. He also publishes books on tapestry and lectures around the world. His work is highly varied, and includes lithographs, tapestries, jewelry and ceramics. He is also renowned for his numerous illustrations of literary works by Paul Éluard, Guillaume Apollinaire and Pablo Neruda. He died on  in Saint-Paul-de-Vence.